The Ultimate Guide to FUE Hair Transplant Surgery

FUE Hair Transplant Surgery in India

The concept of Hair Transplantation defines as a surgical technique that removes hair follicles from one a part of the body, called the 'donor site', to a bald or balding a part of the body called the 'recipient site'. The technique is primarily wont to treat male pattern baldness. 

During this minimally invasive procedure, grafts containing hair follicles that are genetically immune to balding (like the rear of the head) are transplanted to the bald scalp. Hair transplantation differs from skin grafting therein grafts contain most of the epidermis and dermis surrounding the follicle, and plenty of tiny grafts are transplanted instead of one strip of skin.

Procedure of Hair Transplant

The procedure of Hair Transplantation is as follows:

Step: 1: Pre-operative assessment and planning

At an initial consultation, the surgeon analyzes the patient's scalp, discusses their preferences and expectations, and advises them on the most effective approach (e.g. single vs. multiple sessions) and what results might reasonably be expected. Pre-operative folliscopy will help to understand the particular existing density of hair, so postoperative results of newly transplanted hair grafts are often accurately assessed.

Step 2: Harvesting methods

Transplant operations are performed on an outpatient basis, with mild sedation (optional) and injected anesthesia. The scalp is shampooed so treated with an antibacterial agent before the donor scalp being harvested.

There are two main ways during which donor grafts are extracted today: Strip Harvesting, and Follicular Unit Extraction.

Strip Harvesting

Strip Harvesting is that the commonest technique for removing hair and follicles from a donor site. The surgeon harvests a strip of skin from the posterior scalp, in a district of fine hair growth. A single-, double-, or triple-bladed scalpel is employed to get rid of strips of hair-bearing tissue from the donor site. Each incision is planned so intact hair follicles are removed. The most recent method of closure is named 'Trichophytic closure' which ends in much finer scars at the donor area.

Strip harvesting will leave a skinny linear scar within the donor area, which is often covered by a patient's hair even at relatively short lengths.

Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)

With Follicular Unit Extraction or FUE harvesting, individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under local anesthesia; this micro removal typically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter.

FUE takes place in an exceedingly single long session or multiple small sessions. The FUE procedure is more time-consuming than strip surgery. An FUE surgery time varies consistent with the surgeons experience, speed in harvesting and patient characteristics..

Step 3: Follicular Unit Transplant

Follicular unit transplant (FUT) is that the traditional hair transplant method which involves extracting a linear strip of hair bearing skin from the rear or the side of the scalp. The strip is then dissected to separate individual grafts.

Step 4: Robotic hair restoration

Robotic hair restoration devices utilize cameras and robotic arms to help the surgeon with the FUE procedure.

Types of surgery

There are a basically three types for hair transplant surgery, including:

  • Androgenetic alopecia
  • Eyebrow transplant
  • Frontal hair line lowering or reconstruction (naturally high hairlines without an existing hair loss condition)

Summarizing, we will conclude that above we explain the concept of Hair Transplant together with the procedure and also the variety of surgery used for this.